Source: WCPFC
Welcome to Papua New Guinea
Last updated: February 28, 2013
 
Natural beauty, exotic wildlife and cultural tradition are what characterizes all the members of the PNA, Papua New Guinea is a good representation of what they are, one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. According to recent data, 841 different languages are listed for the country, although 11 of these have no known living speakers.

At 462,840 km2 (178,704 sq mi), Papua New Guinea is the world's fifty-fourth largest country with a EEZ of 2,396,214 Km2, an area 22% larger than Mexico. The largest towns are Port Moresby and Lae; other major islands within Papua New Guinea include New Ireland, New Britain, Manus and Bougainville.

PNG is the second largest island in the world next to Greenland. The country is one of the worlds least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior of Papua New Guinea… Let’s explore it ourselves
 
 
Source: Wikipedia
 
General Information
 
Papua New Guinea
Capital Port Moresby
Original Languages English
Tok Pisin
Hiri Motu
Total Land Area 462,840 km2 (178,703 sq mi)
EEZ 2,396,214 Km2
22% Bigger than Mexico
Population 6,310,129
Currency Papua New Guinea Kina (PGK)
See complete table
 
Source: Wikipedia
 
Tuna Catching Data
 
1. National Catching Data by Domestic Fleet
Source: WCPFC
 

The current estimate of the total catch by national PNG vessels within the WCPFC Convention Area for the year 2011 is 165,043 mt.

  • There are 49 purse seiners and 35 longliners active under the flag of PNG. Note: Since 1995 foreign long line access has been closed in favour of a fledgling domestic fleet.
     
  • Catches by Purse Seine:  161,955 MT
    • Skipjack: 118,131 MT (73%)
    • Yellowfin: 38,331 MT (24%)
    • Bigeye: 5,420 MT (3%)
    • Other Catch:  73 MT
       
  • Catches by longliners: 3,088 MT
    • Albacore:  305 MT (10%)
    • Bigeye: 59 MT (2%)
    • Yellowfin: 2,303MT (75%)
    • Other catch: 419 (13%)
 
Source: WCPFC
 
Source: WCPFC
 
2. Total Catch in PNG waters in MT by Domestic and Foreign Fleet
Source: WCPFC
 
The total 2010 tuna catches were 682,240 MT
  • Albacore: 916 MT (0%)
  • Bigeye: 11,920 MT (2%)
  • Skipjack: 499,560 MT (73%)
  • Yellowfin: 169,843 (25%)
  • Catches by Purse Seine: 679,039 MT
    • Bigeye: 11,871 MT (2%)
    • Skipjack: 499,560 MT (74%)
    • Yellowfin: 167,607MT (25%)
       
  • Catches by longliners: 3,201 MT
    • Albacore: 916 MT (29%)
    • Bigeye: 49 MT (2%)
    • Yellowfin: 2,236 (70%)
 
 
 
 
Papua New Guinea manages a Vessel Day Scheme (VDS)
 
The VDS is a scheme under the Palau Arrangement for the Management of the Western Purse Seine Fishery (PNA, 2004), which establishes a system of tradable fishing days allocated to the Parties as Party Allowable Effort (PAE). The Arrangement was established to:
  • Regulate the total allowable effort by purse seine vessels licensed by the Parties at any one time, in response to scientific advice on resource sustainability.
  • Provide a basis for increasing economic benefits to resource-owning states and economic returns to participating vessel owners.
 
Record of Fishing Vessels in PNG
 
Vessel Name Reg No IRCS Vessel Type Length
ALPINE ROSE 937 P2V4189 Purse seiner 60.15
CAMIA 888 932 P2V5056 Tuna purse seiner 56.45
CHERRY BLOSSOMS 88 948 P2V5068 Tuna purse seiner 60.5
LAVENDER 888 1227 P2V5406 Purse seiner 55.17
MILFLORES 1167 P2V5324 Tuna purse seiner 25.95
PALIAU 1275 P2V5416 Purse seiner 28.4
PINK CARNATION 88 905 P2V5045 Tuna purse seiner 56.75
PRINSES DIANE 1 836 P2V4120 Tuna purse seiner 56.75
See all 41 approved vessels
 
Source: WCPFC
 
History
 
Human remains have been found which have been dated to about 50,000 BC although this is an estimate. Agriculture was independently developed in the New Guinea highlands around 7000 BC, making it one of the few areas in the world where people independently domesticated plants.

Little was known in Europe about the island until the 19th century, although Portuguese and Spanish explorers, had encountered it as early as the 16th century. Traders from Southeast Asia had visited New Guinea beginning 5,000 years ago to collect bird of paradise plumes. The country's dual name results from its complex administrative history before independence.

The word Papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin and "New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was he name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez. The northern half of the country was ruled as a colony for some decades by Germany, beginning in 1884, as German New Guinea. The southern half was colonised in the same year by the United Kingdom as British New Guinea, but in 1904 with the passage of the Papua Act, 1905 was transferred to the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia who took on its administration. Additionally from 1905, British New Guinea was renamed the Territory of Papua.

During World War I, German New Guinea was occupied by Australia and after the war was given a League of Nations Mandate to administer it. Papua, by contrast, was deemed to be an External Territory of the Australian Commonwealth, though as a matter of law it remained a British possession. This was significant for the country's post-independence legal system. The difference in legal status meant that up until 1949, Papua and New Guinea had entirely separate administrations, both controlled by Australia.

The New Guinea campaign (1942–1945) was one of the major military campaigns of World War II. Approximately 216,000 Japanese, Australian and U.S. soldiers, sailors and airmen died during the New Guinea Campaign. The two territories were combined into the Territory of Papua and New Guinea after World War II, which later was simply referred to as "Papua New Guinea".

Papua New Guinea gained its independence from Australia in 1975.
 
Papua New Guinea: A PNA member
 

In 1982, PNG joined the Parties of the Nauru Agreement along to all the other 6 members through the coordination of Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA). Tuvalu joined later. Today the PNA office is independent and was created in 2010, based in Majuro, Marshall Islands.

In December 2011, the purse-seine free-school skipjack fishery, was certified according to Marine Stewardship Council standards as being sustainable. This means that all skipjack products caught from free schools by PNA-licensed and product-chain-certified purse-seiners fishing in the waters of PNG or any of the PNA countries EEZ will be eligible for the sustainable and globally well know MSC ecolabel.

 
Geography
 
At 462,840 km2 (178,704 sq mi), Papua New Guinea is the world's fifty-fourth largest country. Including all its islands.

The country's geography is diverse and, in places, extremely rugged. A spine of mountains, the New Guinea Highlands, runs the length of the island of New Guinea, forming a populous highlands region mostly covered with tropical rainforest, and the long Papuan Peninsula, known as the 'Bird's Tail'.

The country is situated on the Pacific Ring of Fire, at the point of collision of several tectonic plates. There are a number of active volcanoes, and eruptions are frequent. Earthquakes are relatively common, sometimes accompanied by tsunamis.
 
Economy
 
Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, including mineral and renewable resources, such as forests, marine (including a large portion of the world's major remaining tuna stocks), and in some parts for agriculture. In 2002 fishing sector exceeded forestry in exports, and has maintained this lead since. There are 4 major Canneries and 10,000 jobs in the processing sector, this is expected to double in 2013.

Strong growth in Papua New Guinea's mining and resource sector has led to PNG becoming the sixth fastest-growing economy in the world as of 2011. Despite this, many people live in extreme poverty, with about one third of the population living on less than US$1.25 per day.[10]The majority of the population still live in traditional societies and practice subsistence-based agriculture.

2012 PNG had enjoyed a decade of positive economic growth, at over 6% since 2007, even during the Global Financial Crisis years of 2008/9. PNG's Real GDP growth rate as at 2011 was 8.9% and estimated 9% for 2012. This economic growth has been primarily attributed to strong commodity prices, particularly mineral but also agricultural.
 
Languages
 
The languages of Papua New Guinea today number over 850, making it the most linguistically diverse place on earth. Its official languages are Tok Pisin, English and Hiri Motu. Tok Pisin, an English-based creole, is the most widely spoken, serving as the country's lingua franca.
 
Religion
 
Religion in Papua New Guinea is predominantly Christian with traditional animist and ancestor worship still found in some places. The courts and government in both theory and practice uphold a constitutional right to freedom of speech, thought, and belief. A large majority of Papua New Guineans identify themselves as members of a Christian church (96% in the 2000 census), however many combine their Christian faith with traditional indigenous beliefs and practices.
 
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