Welcome to Federated States of Micronesia
Last updated: February 18, 2013
 
Federated States of Micronesia is a member of the PNA countries, a marvelous place with a unique culture, fabulous landscape and abundant tuna resources that feed the local population and the world.

This PNA member is an independent sovereign island nation consisting of four states from west to east; Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae comprised in 607 islands spread across more than 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi) of the Western Central Pacific Ocean, just north of the equator. Our sustainable MSC skipjack tuna catches could be taking place in their clear and pristine waters.

We are delighted to show you a bit of the beautiful nation Federated States of Micronesia!!
 
Source:FSM Visitors Board
 
General Information
 
Federated States Of Micronesia
Capital Palikir
Languages English
Total Land Area 702 km2 (270 sq mi)
Total EEZ 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi)
Area 4 Times the Size of France
Population 111,000
Currency USD
See complete table
 
Source: Wikipedia
 
Tuna Catching Data
 
1. National Catching Data by Domestic Fleet
Source: WCPFC
 
The current estimate of the total catch by FSM purse seine and longline vessels within the WCPFC Convention Area for the year 2011 is 28,669 mt.
  • There are 9 purse seiners and 23 longliners active under the flag of the FSM.
     
  • Catches by Purse Seine: 26,511 MT
    • Skipjack: 19,746 MT (74%)
    • Yellowfin: 5,034 MT (19%)
    • Bigeye: 1,725 MT (7%)
    • Other Catch:  6
       
  • Catches by longliners: 2,158 MT
    • Albacore:  22 MT (1%)
    • Bigeye: 1269 MT (59%)
    • Yellowfin: 636 MT (29%)
 
Source: WCPFC
 
Source: WCPFC
 
2. Total Catch in FSM Waters in MT by Domestic and Foreign Fleet
Source: WCPFC
 
The total 2010 tuna catches were 155,678 MT
  • Albacore: 63 MT (0%)
  • Bigeye: 3,523 MT (2%)
  • Skipjack: 138,724 MT (89%)
  • Yellowfin: 13,368 (9%)
  • Catches by Purse Seine: 150,044 MT
    • Bigeye: 1,901 MT (1%)
    • Skipjack: 135,925 MT (91%)
    • Yellowfin: 12,218 MT (8%)
       
  • Catches by longliners: 2,831 MT
    • Albacore: 63 MT (2%)
    • Bigeye: 1,622 MT (57%)
    • Yellowfin: 1,146 (40%)
  •  Catches by Pole and Line: 2,798 MT
    • Skipjack: 2,798 MT (99.8%)
    • Yellowfin: 4 MT (0.2%)
 
 
 
 
Federated States of Micronesia manages a Vessel Day Scheme (VDS)
 
The VDS is a scheme under the Palau Arrangement for the Management of the Western Purse Seine Fishery (PNA, 2004), which establishes a system of tradable fishing days allocated to the Parties as Party Allowable Effort (PAE). The Arrangement was established to:
  • Regulate the total allowable effort by purse seine vessels licensed by the Parties at any one time, in response to scientific advice on resource sustainability.
  • Provide a basis for increasing economic benefits to resource-owning states and economic returns to participating vessel owners.
 
Record of Fishing Vessels in FSM
 
Vessel Name Reg No IRCS Vessel Type Length
LESIELAP VR0115 V6P1163 Tuna purse seiner 61.51
MATHAWMARFACH VR0028G V6YM Tuna purse seiner 69.7
MELISSA VR0114 V6P87 Purse seiner 68.83
POHNPEI NO.1 VR0107 V6PCV Tuna purse seiner 61.75
QUEEN MARY VR0060 V6P88 Purse seiner 46.02
Seipal VR0128 V6P1164 Tuna purse seiner 63.24
TAIYO POHNPEI VRO125 V6PTP Purse seiner 79.35
TRINIDAD III VR0061 V6P89 Tuna purse seiner 46.02
See all 34 approved vessels
 
Source: WCPFC
 
History
 
The ancestors of the Micronesians settled over four thousand years ago. A decentralized chieftain-based system eventually evolved into a more centralized economic and religious empire centered on Yap.

European explorers—first the Portuguese in search of the Spice Islands (Indonesia) and then the Spanish—reached the Carolines in the sixteenth century. The Spanish incorporated the archipelago to the Spanish East Indies and in the 19th century established a number of outposts and missions. In 1887 they founded the town of Santiago de la Ascension in what today is Kolonia on the island of Pohnpei. Following the Spanish-American War the Spanish sold the archipelago to Germany in 1899. Later it was annexed by Japan in 1914, and later by the United States during World War II and administered by the U.S. under United Nations auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

During World War II, a significant portion of the Japanese fleet was based in Truk Lagoon. In February 1944, Operation Hailstone, one of the most important naval battles of the war, took place at Truk, in which many Japanese support vessels and aircraft were destroyed.

On May 10, 1979, four of the Trust Territory districts ratified a new constitution to become the Federated States of Micronesia. Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands chose not to participate. The FSM signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States of America, which entered into force on November 3, 1986, marking Micronesia's emergence from trusteeship to independence. The Compact was renewed in 2004.
 
Federated States of Micronesia: A PNA member
 

In 1982, FSM joined the Parties of the Nauru Agreement along to all the other 6 members through the coordination of Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA). Tuvalu joined later. Today the PNA office is independent and was created in 2010, based in Majuro, Marshall Islands.

In December 2011, the purse-seine free-school skipjack fishery, was certified according to Marine Stewardship Council standards as being sustainable. This means that all skipjack products caught from free schools by PNA-licensed and product-chain-certified purse-seiners fishing in the waters of FSM or any of the PNA countries EEZ will be eligible for the sustainable and globally well know MSC ecolabel.

 
Geography
 
The Federated States of Micronesia consists of 607 islands extending 2,900 km (1,802 mi) across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines.

The islands are grouped into four states, which are Yap, Chuuk (called Truk until January 1990), Pohnpei (known as "Ponape" until November 1984), and Kosrae (formerly Kusaie). These four states are each represented by a white star on the national flag. The capital is Palikir, on Pohnpei.
 
Economy
 
Economic activity in the Federated States of Micronesia consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. Long line tuna fishing is also viable with foreign vessels from China operated in the 1990s. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the U.S. is the primary source of revenue, with the U.S. pledged to spend $1.3 billion in the islands in 1986–2001.

Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure have been major impediments to long-term economy growth. Pacifical MSC skipjack tuna and the PNA office seek use the abundance of tuna resources for the development of the region by the creation of more work placements and generating income for the local people. All this will be achieved by expanding the PNA tuna processing industry and establishing direct relations with retailers and end consumers. We expect to increase the amount of tuna processed in whole PNA region, including FSM by least 25%.

The nation uses the U.S. dollar as its currency.
 
Languages
 
The languages of the Federated States of Micronesia include English (the official and common language), The country has seven official languages: English, Pohnpeian, Woleaian, Yapese, Kosraean, and Chuukese (Trukese).

Other languages spoken in the country include Pingelapese, Ngatikese, Satawalese, Puluwatese, Mortlockese, and Mokilese. There are also about 3,000 speakers of Kapingamarangi and Ulithian, and under 1,000 speakers of Nukuoro.
 
Religion
 
Several Protestant denominations, as well as the Roman Catholic Church, are present in every Micronesian state. Most Protestant groups trace their roots to American Congregationalist missionaries. On the island of Kosrae, the population is approximately 7,800; 95 percent are Protestants. On Pohnpei, the population of 35,000 is evenly divided between Protestants and Catholics. On Chuuk and Yap, an estimated 60 percent are Catholic and 40 percent are Protestant. Religious groups with small followings include Baptists, Assemblies of God, Salvation Army, Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), and the Baha'i Faith. There is a small group of Buddhists on Pohnpei. Attendance at religious services is generally high; churches are well supported by their congregations and play a significant role in civil society.
 
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